Last week, Mexico announced it reached a deal with the U.S. to pay the shortfall in its annual … The inductees of the NMNG Hall of … Tackling Insecurity, Corruption, and Impunity, Protecting Human Rights in Central America, Strengthening Rule of Law and Fighting Corruption, Fighting Corruption and Exposing Impunity, Enhancing Accountability: Police and Justice Reform, Drug Policy Debate and Reform in the Americas, Women, Drug Policies, and Incarceration in the Americas, Due Process and Access to Justice for Migrants, The WOLA Human Rights Awards & Benefit Gala. All this increases the risk that actors in the armed forces who commit human rights violations will never be held accountable. President Andrés Manuel López Obrador of Mexico at the official launch of Mexico’s new National Guard force. According to the decree, soldiers can be deployed anywhere in the country, for any security purpose, and they will only be subject to their own internal controls. However, it is not clear from the government’s information which force is in charge where or how joint operations are taking place. On February 28, 2019, Mexico’s Congress passed the constitutional reforms that created the National Guard, while setting a five-year limit on the use of the military in public security tasks. The ruling came after the human rights court heard a case involving the arbitrary detention and sexual torture of 11 women in the town of San Salvador Atenco, in Mexico State, at the hands of state and federal police agents in May 2006. What the numbers do make clear is that even before López Obrador’s May 11 executive decree, the military was leading the vast majority of Mexico’s federal security efforts. Albuquerque NM 87123 or your local Armory. This new force, and López Obrador’s May 11 executive agreement, further cast doubts on the future of national civilian policing in the country, as well as civilian oversight over soldiers carrying out public security tasks. Furthermore, since the decree gives the armed forces the power to carry out investigative tasks that correspond to police institutions, it makes clear that the military will not play a “subordinate” role to civilian institutions. The rest of the National Guard’s members are soldiers that were transferred over from the army or navy. Critics say the force is ill-equipped to carry out policing. Three months later, on May 27, the law regulating the National Guard entered into force. Last July, Mexico’s National Human Rights Commission (Comisión Nacional de los Derechos Humanos, CNDH) condemned the National Guard for threatening and harassing migrant shelters in Sonora and Coahuila. that soldiers should not be in charge of public security operations, his creation of the National Guard and his efforts to expand the role of the armed forces in public security tasks are a significant move away from his campaign promises to return soldiers to their barracks and strengthen civilian police forces. They have the power to detain suspects and collaborate with public prosecutors’ offices to investigate crimes. As discussed below, the López Obrador administration has only deepened the militarized nature of public security in Mexico and made civilian policing at the federal level nearly obsolete. Between January 2007 and September 2019, the CNDH issued 159 recommendations for human rights violations perpetrated by members of the armed forces. The ruling came after the human rights court heard a case involving the arbitrary detention and sexual torture of 11 women in the town of San Salvador Atenco, in Mexico State, at the hands of state and federal police agents in May 2006. 14,833 National Guard members, while the navy has recruited 6,337. This presents a separate set of concerns, as Mexico’s armed forces have a long history of altering crime scenes, torturing suspects, and committing other crimes and human rights violations. does not include language that guarantees compliance with these concepts, apart from establishing 2024 as an end date for the military’s role in public security operations. The best way to address insecurity in Mexico and to combat criminal organizations is to conduct serious investigations that end in convictions and to strengthen civilian police institutions. At the U.S.-Mexico border, agents have. Mexico promised the … Guard members also established a 200-bed temporary hospital in Gibson. While the Federal Police was marred by several cases of corruption and grave human rights violations, experts have argued that it would have been better to build on the force’s achievements and correct its flaws than to dismantle it all together, given the importance of establishing an effective civilian police force at the federal level. The National Guard … (Photo by Joseph Vigil) ALBUQUERQUE, N.M - The New Mexico National Guard is helping support two alternate … The history of the New … Rather than cementing the military’s role in public security. Late last year, Mayor Claudia Sheinbaum, a close ally of the president’s, said her city did not need the National Guard. Only about half of the Federal Police, some 18,240 agents, decided to join the National Guard. 47 Bataan Blvd, Santa Fe, NM 87508 (505) 424-3760. 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