Visit our section on the passive for advice on when to use the passive and when to substitute more active verb forms. Review carefully the material in our section on Subject-Verb Agreement, and notice how often the choices we make require a familiarity with these forms of the “To be” verb. Search the world's information, including webpages, images, videos and more. An auxiliary can be combined with the base form of “To be” to provide simple answers to questions that use forms of “to be.”, The verb “To be” also acts as a linking verb, joining the sentence subject with a subject complement or adjective complement. Do you know which preposition to use before times, days, months and years? A form of the verb “To be” is combined with a past participle to form the passive. This action will open a new window. Progressive forms include a form of “To be” plus a present participle (an -ing ending). Frodesen and Eyring** categorize progressive verbs according to the following functions: Click HERE for a description of tag questions, a device by which a statement is turned into a question. Two plus two equals four. 4rth Edition. Develop Your GEAR UP Grant Application with Resources from ACT. 34 nationwide. Hear AT40 with Ryan Seacrest, only on iHeartRadio. Thus, “She is being a good worker” (because she chooses to be so), but we would say “She is (not is being) an Olympic athlete” (because once she becomes an athlete she no longer “wills it”). Consider the difference between. 1 public university and No. Get onboard. Positive statements are followed by negative tags; negative statements by positive tags. Martha Kolln* suggests that we think of the difference between stative and dynamic in terms of “willed” and “nonwilled” qualities. Monday - Saturday 8pm - 9:30pm Lunch Tuesday - Saturday 12:30pm - 1:30pm . This is especially true of “To be” verbs tucked into dependent clauses (particularly dependent clauses using a passive construction) and expletive constructions (“There is,” “There were,” “it is,” etc.). . An expletive construction, along with its attendant “To be” verb, can often be eliminated to good effect. Do you want to proceed? This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. The following circumlocutory uses of "be" verbs are common in stuffy writing. The verb “To be” is said to be the most protean of the English language, constantly changing form, sometimes without much of a discernible pattern. The Forms of “To Be” The Greek sea god, Proteus, was (like the sea) capable of changing form in an instant. A linking verb provides no action to a sentence: the subject complement re-identifies the subject; the adjective complement modifies it. 1997. Byron Leigh Hatch, founder of the Carl Sagan team, all around smart and thoughtful guy, and a setizen since … No late fees! See the section on modals for the various kinds of information conveyed by modals (advisability, predictability, guessing, necessity, possibility, etc.). MacMillan Publishing Company: New York. The University at Buffalo is New York’s No. The ACT Center for Equity in Learning (CEL) supports research that focuses on closing gaps in equity and achievement.Our goal is to produce actionable evidence to guide thought leadership, and inform changes in policy and practice, that will lead to improved learning and achievement. With the hope of encouraging every student to attend either college or postsecondary workforce training, officials set out to improve students’ ACT test scores to help open many different paths to success. ACT annual report on the progress of US high school graduates relative to college readiness. ACT and the American Federation of Teachers (AFT) joined forces to help teachers navigate the rapidly changing world of distance learning. Please try again later. Territories, please proceed to the Non-U.S. version of our web site. Robert Frost was America's favorite poet. We create simple yes/no questions by inverting the order of subject and the “To be” verb. Passive verb constructions are useful when the subject of an action is not as important as what the subject did (the action of the sentence) or when the subject is unknown. This is a quiz for students of English as a second language. Time: 4 PM ET, 1 PM PT. We got two pieces of really bad news yesterday. The fear of splitting an infinitive is without grounds in this construction. For further definition of this interesting distinction, click HERE. Thus "be supportive of" for "support" is verbose. In the first sentence, the participle “welcomed” (in this passive construction) emphasizes the action of welcoming: the smiles, the hearty greetings, the slaps on the back. That's usually an easy matter. Introducing the new AT&T Mail. The simple verb (in parentheses) is usually better: Many such wordy constructions are more naturally phrased in the present-tense singular: "is able to" ("can"), "is authorized to" Visit COVID-19 Resources for updates and digital learning resources to assist students, teachers, schools and workers impacted by COVID-19. A FREE interactive platform for National ACT Test and ACT District Testing Program data analysis. Quickly program your remote, setup email, connect dsl/internet gateways and modems, connect to WiFi, setup parental controls, and solve U-verse TV error messages. Note that the relative pronoun frequently disappears as well when we revise these sentences. We wouldn't write “The troops was moving to the border.” But some sentences require closer attention. MoMA’s Department … Auckland Transport is responsible for Auckland's transport services (excluding state highways). Wooden caissons were used until fiberglass structures were developed in the 1950s. Mosaic by ACT is a comprehensive learning solution featuring an adaptive academic learning platform, robust SEL resources, and learning and professional services for districts and schools. Simply omit the construction, find the real subject of the sentence, and allow it to do some real work with a real verb. “Ain't” is not regarded as acceptable except in text attempting to duplicate substandard speech.). In the second sentence, the predicate adjective “welcome” describes the feeling that the jurists must have had upon being so welcomed. Welcome to the America's Tire Rebate Center. Enter your offer code to begin your submission. . please go to: Bidding Information FYI email History of the @ The @symbol has been branded upon virtually every user on the Web . The deadline to register is January 15. On the other hand, expletive constructions do give us an interesting means of setting out or organizing the work of a subsequent paragraph: Verb phrases containing "be" verbs are often merely roundabout ways of saying something better said with a simple verb. Do we write “The majority of students is (or are) voting against the referendum"? Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are … Click HERE for a thorough discussion of the progressive verb forms. The Greek sea god, Proteus, was (like the sea) capable of changing form in an instant. Considering that we use it so often, it is really too bad that the verb “To be” has to be the most irregular, slippery verb in the language. When “To be” verbs are combined with modal forms in this manner, the construction is called a phrasal modal. Bryon Leigh Hatch and Arecibo have passed on. to describe actions already in progress at the moment "in focus" within the sentence, as in “I, to describe actions at the moment of focus in contrast to habitual actions, as in “We usually buy the most inexpensive car we can find, but this time we, to express repeated actions, as in “My grandfather, to describe temporary situations in contrast to permanent states, as in “Jeffrey goes to the University of Connecticut, but this summer he, to express uncompleted actions, as in “Harvey and Mark are working on their deck.”. He wasn't widely accepted in this country at first. . . 1994. There were several typographical errors in this anthology. Consider the difference between a so-called dynamic adjective (or subject complement) and a stative adjective (or subject complement): “I am silly” OR “I am being silly” versus “I am tall.” I have chosen to be silly; I have no choice about being tall. In “Certain behaviors are allowed,” is "are” linking “behaviors” to "allowed" (a participle acting as a predicate adjective) or is “are allowed” a passive verb? Please use the filter below to further narrow down the results below. Singular subjects require singular verbs; plural subjects require plural verbs. (We would not say, “Two plus two is equaling four.”) In the same way, nouns and pronouns can be said to exhibit willed and unwilled characteristics. In sentences such as these, the subject usually receives the intonation stress and the voice falls off on the verb. In order to get any decent information out of him, you had to grab him and hold on tight while he went through his various forms — lion, wild boar, snake, tree, running stream — it wasn't easy. Google has many special features to help you find exactly what you're looking for. Click here to find current rebate offers. In a way, the “To be” verb doesn't do much for you — it just sits there — and text that is too heavily sprinkled with “To be” verbs can feel sodden, static. UB is consistently recognized as one of the world’s most exceptional, most affordable universities, making it a top choice … In very formal text, you might write “am I not” instead. You can take this quiz and then check your answers right away. Caissons were also designed to function under water in the construction of bridges. When we use “To be” verbs in a tag question, the basic formula follows: the verb is combined with a pronoun and sometimes with not (usually in a contracted form). View or pay your bill, check usage, change plans or packages, manage devices & features, and more. by Jan Frodesen and Janet Eyring. Heinle & Heinle: Boston. Equals is inert, stative, and cannot take the progressive; there is no choice, no volition in the matter. The following information is taken, with permission, from. Access your email at the link found here while traveling throughout European Union (EU) countries. (Don't try to make sense of this last construction. This is especially true in simple, brief answers to questions. AT&T provides information about network practices, performance characteristics, and commercial terms, consistent with the FCC’s open internet rules. Your inbox is going places. Thank you for your patience as we continue to navigate the COVID-19 pandemic. The “To be” will change form to indicate whether the subject is singular or plural: Notice how the information about who did the action is frequently found in a prepositional phrase beginning with “by.” Passive constructions do not always include this information: The “To be” will also change to indicate the time of the action and the aspect of the verb (simple, progressive, perfect). There were four underlying causes of World War I. The ShopAtHome web site is currently unavailable. act.org,actprofile.org,act.org,actstudent.org,act.alertline.com,services.actstudent.org,career4.successfactors.com,engage.act.org,discoveractaspire.org,qc.vantage.com,myworkkeys.act.org,twitter.com,facebook.com,youtube.com,plus.google.com,linkedin.com,preview.act.org,workreadycommunities.org,pearson.com,instagram.com,actaspire.org,run2.careerready101.com,run2.keytrain.com,leadershipblog.act.org. ACT is a mission-driven, nonprofit organization, known for the ACT test, but there are many more ways that our solutions can help on the path to college and career readiness. Even a casual review of your writing can reveal uses of the verb “To be” that are unnecessary and that can be removed to good effect. In the final analysis, it probably doesn't matter, but the distinction leads to some interesting variations. Examples are our own. . For further information about making an offer . **The section on uses of “To be” in passive constructions is based on information in Grammar Dimensions: Form, Meaning, and Use, #3 2nd Ed. ACT tools may be embedded effectively into GEAR UP grant applications to help schools engage students early, accelerate their readiness through supplemental programs, and expand the capacity of schools to create college-going cultures. From roads and footpaths, to cycling, parking and public transport. We must choose carefully among these various forms when selecting the proper verb to go with our subject. This is one of the quizzes from The Internet TESL Journal's 'Self-Study Quizzes … It is acceptable. If you are accessing this site from outside the United States, Puerto Rico, or U.S. Notice that adverbs of frequency normally appear after forms of the verb “To be”: Notice that the adverb still appears after “To be” verbs but before other main verbs: An adverb can be interposed between the infinitive “To be” and a participle, as in the following sentences. Careers We offer a wide range of positions, career advancement, as well as flexible working hours. The “To be” verb can be combined with other modal forms (along with the past participle of the main verb) to convey other kinds of information. Periodic testing with the same great test, same fast reporting, and same platform, now available at home! In technical writing, where the process is more important than who is doing the activity, we might report that “Three liters of fluid is filtered through porous glass beads.” Regardless of the verb's purpose, only the auxiliary form of “To be” changes; the participle stays the same. Here are some more examples: Sometimes it is difficult to say whether a “To be” verb is linking a subject to a participle or if the verb and participle are part of a passive construction. First, . Explore all the new features today! *Understanding English Grammar by Martha Kolln. Listen to American Top 40 Live for Free! Features an adaptive academic learning platform, robust SEL resources, and learning and professional services for districts and schools. The verb “To be” most frequently works in conjunction with another verb: “He is playing the piano,” “She will be arriving this afternoon.” Occasionally, though, the verb will stand by itself, alone, in a sentence. For instance, the police might report that “The professor was assaulted in the hallways” because they do not know the perpetrator of this heinous crime. Thus “Tall” is said to be a stative (or an “inert”) quality, and we cannot say “I am being tall”; “silly,” on the other hand, is dynamic so we can use progressive verb forms in conjunction with that quality. . AT&T Global Network Client The AT&T Global Network Client provides your business with a single solution for remote access from computers/smartphones/tablets, or Local Area Networks (LAN) to … In order to get any decent information out of him, you had to grab him and hold on tight while … Login to manage your AT&T Wireless, DIRECTV, U-verse, Internet or Home Phone services. Date: Wednesday, January 6 ("may"), "is binding upon" ("binds"), "is empowered to" ("may"), "is unable to" ("cannot"). (For further information and additional vocabulary in dealing with linking verbs, visit the hyperlinks in this paragraph.). 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